His family experienced poverty so Woods only attended school until the age of ten, he then began working to help his family survive. He worked in a machine shop where he would learn mechanics; information also suggests that he worked as a railroad engineer, engineer on a British ship, railroad worker and blacksmith. Woods became interested in electrical engineering and began learning as much as he could about electricity and its concepts. Upon returning to his home state of Ohio he began working at the pumping stations for the Springfield, Jackson and Pomeroy Railroad Company.
He spent his early years attending school until the age of 10 at which point he began working in a machine shop repairing railroad equipment and machinery.
Born in Columbus, Ohio on April 23, , Granville T. Woods dedicated his life to developing a variety of inventions relating to the railroad industry. To some, he was known as the "Black Edison," both great inventors of their time. Woods invented more than a dozen devices to improve electric. Australian-born American inventor Granville T. Woods (), dubbed “the black Edison,” contributed key inventions to several of the technologies that defined the modern era, including railroad braking, electric railroad systems, and telephony and telegraphy. Granville T. Woods Known as "Black Edison," Granville Woods was an African-American inventor who made key contributions to the development of the telephone, street car and more. Inventor.
Intrigued by the electricity that powered the machinery, Woods studied other machine workers as they attended to different pieces of equipment and paid other workers to sit down and explain electrical concepts to him. Over the next few years, Woods moved around the country working on railroads and in steel rolling mills.
This experience helped to prepare him for a formal education studying engineering surprisingly, it is unknown exactly where he attended school but it is believed it was an eastern college.
After two years of studying, Woods obtained a job as an engineer on a British steamship called the Ironsides.
Unfortunately, despite his high aptitude and valuable education and expertise, Woods was denied opportunities and promotions because of the color of his skin. Out of frustration and a desire to promote his abilities, Woods, along with his brother Lyates, formed the Woods Railway Telegraph Company in The company manufactured and sold telephone, telegraph and electrical equipment.
One of the early inventions from the company was an improved steam boiler furnace and this was followed up by an improved telephone transmitter which had superior clarity of sound and could provide for longer range of distance for transmission.
InWoods patented a apparatus which was a combination of a telephone and a telegraph. The device was so successful that he later sold it to the American Bell Telephone Company. InWoods developed his most important invention to date — a device he called Synchronous Multiplex Railway Telegraph.
By allowing dispatchers to know the location of each train, it provided for greater safety and a decrease in railway accidents. Granville Woods often had difficulties in enjoying his success as other inventors made claims to his devices.
Thomas Edison made one of these claims, stating that he had first created a similar telegraph and that he was entitled to the patent for the device. Woods was twice successful in defending himself, proving that there were no other devices upon which he could have depended or relied upon to make his device.
After the second defeat, Edison decided that it would be better to work with Granville Woods than against him and thus offered him a position with the Edison Company.
InWoods used his knowledge of electrical systems in creating a method of supplying electricity to a train without any exposed wires or secondary batteries. Approximately every 12 feet, electricity would be passed to the train as it passed over an iron block.
He first demonstrated the device as an amusement apparatus at the Coney Island amusement park and while it amused patrons, it would be a novel approach towards making safer travel for trains.
Many of Woods inventions attempted to increase efficiency and safety railroad cars, Woods developed the concept of a third rail which would allow a train to receive more electricity while also encountering less friction.
This concept is still used on subway train platforms in major cities in the United States. Over the course of his life time Granville Woods would obtain more than 50 patents for inventions including an automatic brake and an egg incubator and for improvements to other inventions such as safety circuits, telegraph, telephone, and phonograph.
When he died on January 30, in New York City he had become an admired and well respected inventor, having sold a number of his devices to such giants as Westinghouse, General Electric and American Engineering — more importantly the world knew him as the Black Thomas Edison.Australian-born American inventor Granville T.
Woods (), dubbed “the black Edison,” contributed key inventions to several of the technologies that defined the modern era, including railroad braking, electric railroad systems, and telephony and telegraphy.
Biography of Granville T. Woods at the MIT Inventor of the Week website Gary L. Frost, “Granville T.
Woods”, in Henry Louis Gates and Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, eds., African American Lives. New York: Oxford University Press, ; pg. Granville T.
Woods. On April 23, Granville Woods was born in Columbus, Ohio to parents Cyrus Woods and Martha Brown. His family experienced poverty so Woods only attended school until the age of ten, he then began working to help his family survive.
Granville T. Woods Biography - Granville T.
Woods invented "Incubator", "Multiplex Telegraph", "Telegraphony" and "Third Rail" Granville Tailer Woods was an African American inventor, and the first African American to be a mechanical and civil engineer.
Woods was born in Columbus, Ohio in to a native American mother and African American. Fascinating facts about Granville Woods inventor of the Multiplex Railway Telegraph streetcar, subway, trolley, telegraphony, inventor, biography, profile, history, inventor of, history of, who invented, invention of Granville T.
Woods taught himself electrical and mechanical engineering while working in railroad machine shops and. Granville T. Woods (–) By enabling trains to communicate with each other, Woods made railways much safer.
Background: Woods was born in Columbus, Ohio. He showed an interest in mechanics at an early age.