See Article History Alternative Titles: Bacchus, Bromios, Liber Pater, Taurokeros, Tauroprosopos Dionysus, also spelled Dionysos, also called Bacchus or in Rome Liber Pater, in Greco-Roman religion, a nature god of fruitfulness and vegetation, especially known as a god of wine and ecstasy.
For long it was believed that he was a late addition to the Greek pantheon, partly due to his minor role in the Homeric poems, and partly because of the many myths in which the god arrives, often from Thrace or Phrygia.
The appearance of his name on Linear B tablets from Crete and Pylos proved his great antiquity. Dionysus has been abundantly attested in myth, art, literature, and cult from the archaic age onward. The version which took shape in Athens during the Archaic and Classical periods continues to dominate our picture of Dionysus, god of wine, fertility and nature, theater, and ritual madness.
Nonetheless, the god cannot be reduced to this or any single A biography of the roman dionysus, and still less to an unchanging essence.
There were many local variations, and Dionysus was often identified with or influenced aspects of local deities such as Osiris, Fufluns, or Liber. Since the time of the later Roman Empire, Dionysus has continued to enjoy a rich and varied afterlife perhaps we should rather say evolution from Christian discourse through medieval allegory, Renaissance painting, and German philosophy to modern art and aesthetics.
Scholars have discussed and interpreted Dionysus in countless ways, using many different theoretical approaches including Religionsgeschichte, Jungian psychology, and anthropology.
Of the rich critical literature on Dionysus the best work is interdisciplinary, combining philological and archaeological methods with an awareness of how the god is being understood and, to some extent, reconstructed. Because Dionysus defies boundaries and categorization, many topics are referred to in more than one section of this bibliography; for example, for maenadism see Dionysus and TragedyForms of Dionysian Ritualand Dionysus in Ancient Artas well as the General Studies and Collections of Essays.
General Studies Seaford is a concise synoptic introduction. Otto is a classic study of Dionysian myth and ritual with Nietzschean inflections. Chapters on Mycenaean Greek documents; archaic Greek archaeology and epigraphy; archaic Greek poetry, philosophy, and mythography; interpretative essays on synoptic questions about the nature and interpretation of Dionysus, and Dionysus as compared with Near Eastern gods; corpus of textual evidence for Dionysus pp.
Greek with facing-Spanish translations ; corpus of visual evidence 38 pp. A general study of Dionysian myth and ritual, inflected with structural anthropology. Dionysus the traveller; Dionysus the nourisher; the lover of the queen; the kingdom of the earth; the wheel and the irreversible; Dionysus the just.
Dionysos und die vordionysischen Kulte. Before the decipherment of Linear B, Ivanov argued that the earliest Achaeans worshipped a synthetic early version of Dionysus with orgiastic cult chap.
Argues for Dionysus as symbol of suffering and resurrection, associating his travails with those of other Greek heroes; tragedy as art form that purifies heroic suffering. New introduction on intellectual context. Histoire du culte de Bacchus. Visionary, groundbreaking and influential, and still worth consulting.
Archetypal image of indestructible life. Translated from the German by Ralph Mannheim.
Routledge and Kegan Paul. The first part argues suggestively for the Cretan-Minoan origins of Dionysus. The second part considers myths of arrival, the trieteric Dionysus including Delphic festivals and Orphic mysticismand the Athenian Dionysus including Attic festivals, tragedy and comedy.
De-historicized seminal reading, with inspired Nietzschean inflections, of Dionysian myth and its relation to Dionysus cult and its sublime phenomenology.
Justifies why Dionysus matters today, and covers a wide range of themes: Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please subscribe or login. How to Subscribe Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions.Dionysos (Roman name: Bacchus) was the ancient Greek god of wine, merriment, and leslutinsduphoenix.com the bad boy of Mt.
Olympus, he was perhaps the most colourful of the Olympian Gods. In Greek mythology, despite being the son of Zeus and Semele (the daughter of Kadmos and Harmonia), Dionysos did not receive the best start in life .
Roman sarcophagus; Dionysus Marble sarcophagus depicting the Triumph of Dionysus and the Seasons, Phrygian marble, Roman, c. – ce; in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. The central figure is Dionysus, seated on the back of a panther. Introduction.
Dionysus/Bacchus is the most widely-studied of the Greco-Roman divinities. For long it was believed that he was a late addition to the Greek pantheon, partly due to his minor role in the Homeric poems, and partly because of the many myths in . Dionysus also visited Phrygia and the goddess Cybele or Rhea, who purified him and taught him the mysteries, which according to Apollodorus 27 took place before he went to India.
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. London: Taylor, Walton, and Maberly. Dionysus (Roman Counterpart was Bacchus) When the Roman Empire conquered the Greeks in BC, the Romans assimilated various elements from other cultures and civilisations, including the gods and goddesses that .
Dionysus-Bacchus, Greco-Roman marble statue C2nd A.D., State Hermitage Museum DIONYSOS, the youthful, beautiful, but effeminate god of wine. He is also called both by Greeks and Romans Bacchus (Bakchos), that is, the noisy or riotous god, which was originally a mere epithet or surname of Dionysus, but does not occur till after the time of Herodotus.