Preliminaries Aristotle wrote two ethical treatises: In any case, these two works cover more or less the same ground: Both treatises examine the conditions in which praise or blame are appropriate, and the nature of pleasure and friendship; near the end of each work, we find a brief discussion of the proper relationship between human beings and the divine.
Of the feeling of shame Two senses of justice distinguished. What is just in distribution distinguished from what is just in correction Of what is just in distribution, and its rule of geometrical proportion Of what is just in correction, and its rule of arithmetical proportion Simple requital is not identical with what is just, but proportionate requital is what is just in exchange; and this is effected by means of money.
We can now give a general definition of justice It is possible to act unjustly without being unjust. That which is just in the strict sense is between citizens only, for it implies law It is in part natural, in part conventional The internal conditions of a just or unjust action, and of a just or unjust agent Sundry questions about doing and suffering injustice Can a man wrong himself?
Must be studied because a reason prescribes the mean, b they are a part of human excellence. The intellect is 1 scientific, 2 calculative: The function of the intellect, both in practice and speculation, is to attain truth Of the five modes of attaining truth: Of knowledge of things alterable, viz.
And 3 of prudence in what we do, the virtue of the calculative intellect Comparison of the two intellectual virtues, wisdom and prudence Prudence compared with statesmanship and other forms of knowledge Of reason or intuitive perception as the basis of the practical intellect Of the uses of wisdom and prudence.
How prudence is related to cleverness How prudence is related to moral virtue Of continence and incontinence, heroic virtue and brutality. Statement of opinions about continence 2. Statement of difficulties as to how one can know right and do wrong Of incontinence in the strict and in the metaphorical sense 5.
Of incontinence in respect of brutal or morbid appetites Incontinence in anger less blamed than in appetite Incontinence yields to pleasure, softness to pain. Two kinds of incontinence, the hasty and the weakPublished: Tue, 09 Jan Aristotle Education and Plato.
Through the life of Aristotle, one would wonder how a mere thought of philosophy could impact the . leslutinsduphoenix.com is a platform for academics to share research papers.
Virtue Ethics. Virtue ethics is a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences.
When actions are judged morally right based upon their consequences, we have teleological or consequentialist ethical theory. When actions are judged morally right based upon how well they conform to some set of duties, we have a deontological ethical theory, which is common for theist religions. Aristotle applied the same patient, careful, descriptive approach to his examination of moral philosophy in the Εθικη Νικομαχοι (Nicomachean Ethics). Here he discussed the conditions under which moral responsibility may be ascribed to individual agents, the nature of the virtues and vices involved in moral evaluation, and the methods of achieving happiness in human life. Published: Tue, 09 Jan Aristotle Education and Plato. Through the life of Aristotle, one would wonder how a mere thought of philosophy could impact the .
A virtue ethicist is likely to give you this kind of moral advice: “Act as a virtuous person would act in your situation.”.
Keep in mind that Aristotle, unlike Plato, was an empiricist — that is, he was trying to describe what he was seeing, rather than stating what he thought it should be. In Aristotle’s schema, there are four aspects of human nature, and he is often quoted as saying “Man is a political creature.”.
True or false: Fallibilism, in epistemology, is the view that claims that we do not need to have any belief about the truth condition of a justified belief obtaining in reality in order to have knowledge.
The justified belief would just need to be true. To Mr. Stewart also I wish to express my gratitude, not only for much assistance derived from his admirable “Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics” (Oxford, ), but also for much kindly and helpful criticism in that work and in a review of my first edition (Mind, July, ).