This threat was Communism, which was greatly feared by most U.
Communism is "a system of social and economic organization in which property is owned by the state or group, to be shared in common or to be distributed among members of the community equally or in proportion to their respective needs.
Although American "Reds" caught most of the fury of the raids, it was not just the Communists who had stirred national panic. Emotions that had been building since the turn of the century were brought out during World War I, and then burst into a "xenophobic" fear and hatred of foreigners repression.
Late in the afternoon of Friday, January 2,agents from the Department of Justice raided a Communist headquarters and began arresting thousands of people in major American cities throughout the nation.
They poured into private homes, clubs, pool halls and coffee shops, arresting citizens and aliens, Communists and non-Communists, tearing apart meeting halls and destroying property.
The Agents put their victims in jail, held them without an attorney, and interrogated them. Aliens were released a few days later unless they were members of the Communist Party or the Communist Labor Party. These were the two groups that were formed from the American Communist movement.
In two days, nearly five thousand people were arrested, and nearly five thousand were seized in the cleaning up that followed during the next two weeks.
The arrests were carried out with total disregard for the rights of the prisoners. There are some psychological views that might help to explain why the events of took place. Some Americans during this time were always on the verge of attacking. They were hostile toward minorities, extremely patriotic, and ready to rid their nation of any intruder that seemed to threaten them.
The postwar effort for "one hundred percent Americanism" may have left our citizens with the desire to keep our country pure. In a violent outburst, the Communists took control of the Russian government and murdered the Tsar and his entire family along with thousands of "nonconforming" Russians.
Communism was established on the political philosophy of Karl Marx, and was dedicated to establishing a society where there is no private ownership of property and where the government would control the making and distribution of all goods. No plot to overthrow the government was ever uncovered.
Yet, it was the paranoid fear of Communists that drove many Americans to violence.
First of all, America was caught in a web of fear and conspiracy. No one could trust his neighbor or his father for fear that he was involved in the Communist movement.
Americans no longer welcomed the "huddled masses yearning to breathe free" The inscription on the Statue of Liberty. Hyphenated Americans were particularly suspected. I have also learned that although Communism might have caused a lot of panic, no plot of Communism was ever found to be true.
The Red Scare provided Americans with a scapegoat, now that we were no longer fighting the Germans. People really believed that Communists were everywhere and were plotting to overthrow the government.
Americans were treated like the women who were accused of being witches in the Salem Witch Trials. You were branded for most of your life. There are still Communist organizations to this day. Idealistically, it is the best form of government we have because it incorporates government regulations which better the community as a whole.
However, careful measures must be taken to ensure that the central government under Communism does not become corrupt. In spite of this, we will probably never see America turn to Communism as a form of governing the people, so there will be no need to see a repeat episode of The Red Scare.
American History Top Novelguides.Analysis of the Red Scare "The tumult and the shouting dies, The captains and the kings depart." -Kipling, The Recessional Mr.
Kipling was wrong. RED SCARE PROPAGANDA IN THE UNITED STATES: A VISUAL AND RHETORICAL ANALYSIS by CHRISTY SCHROEDER Under the Direction of Mary Hocks ABSTRACT This paper is a discussion and analysis of Red Scare propaganda from two. The First Red Scare was a period during the an analysis of the red scare in the american history an analysis of george orwells novel early 20th-century history of the United States an analysis of the scarlet letter a 19th century novel by nathaniel hawthorne marked by a widespread fear of Bolshevism and A literary analysis of kiss and tell.
Scarlet Knights, Red Crusade: An Analysis of the Great Red Scare at Rutgers-New Brunswick The Paul A. Stellhorn Undergraduate Paper in New Jersey History Award was established in to honor Paul A. Stellhorn (), a distinguished historian and public servant who worked for the New Jersey Historical Commission, the New Jersey Committee.
‘Red Scare’ was the widespread propaganda of a state against the potential rise of communism or leftism in a certain country. It was done through various government programs and even used mass media to promote it to the public. The Red Scare: Real Threat or Scapegoat?
The Cold War The following article on the Red Scare is an excerpt from Lee Edwards and Elizabeth Edwards Spalding’s book A Brief History of the Cold War It is available to order now at Amazon and Barnes & Noble.