Australian rules representations of groups in

Sydney 3, Informer Victorian Football League player Colin Ridgeway was recruited by the Dallas Cowboys and played a total of 3 games as a punter. Although he was the first Australian to make such a transition he did not have much of an impact in the NFL. Coverage began with the season with matches airing on late Friday and Saturday nights, sometimes live but usually one or two week tape delayed.

Australian rules representations of groups in

Executive Summary There are comparatively high levels of Indigenous representation in Australian state and territory parliaments, but none in the current federal parliament.

The proposed National Indigenous Representative Body is unlikely to change this situation. A possible response is to consider dedicated Indigenous representation in Parliament. This has been a feature of the New Zealand parliament for close to years, but in Australia it has remained a matter for discussion.

Proposals for dedicated seats in Australia are subject to both compelling arguments and considerable obstacles. Rather, they are a concrete expression of a formal relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous constituencies.

In Australia, where such a relationship is yet to be defined, dedicated seats could play a key role in the development of such a relationship. Introduction There is a significant imbalance in the parliamentary representation of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Australia.

In Australia persons who identify as Indigenous now make up 2. However, with four seats now held by Indigenous members in the Territory, the total has fallen to eight.

There are two jurisdictions—New South Wales and the Northern Territory—where Indigenous members are ministers of government see Appendix. There is, then, a disparity between levels of Indigenous representation in different spheres of government.

There is also an absence of either a treaty, or a formal body, that defines the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.

However, there are signs that change is possible. The present federal government has undertaken to establish a National Indigenous Representative Body, [5] and delegates to the Australia Summit demonstrated continuing sentiment in favour of a treaty between Indigenous people and the Australian government.

Dedicated Indigenous representation in federal parliament is a further means by which the relationship may be improved, either on its own or, more likely, in combination with these other measures.

Discussion of Indigenous representation in general—and dedicated seats in particular—last reached a high-water mark in Australia in and around These factors, together with renewed discussion of an Australian republic, and expectations of policy change on Indigenous affairs, prompt further consideration.

To address this, four main approaches have been developed: Some Australian Indigenous speakers have argued that both separate assemblies and dedicated Indigenous seats are likely to be unduly subordinate to the mainstream political process.

Together, they have proved effective in increasing Indigenous representation in parliament. In Australia, the approach which is generally proposed is an assisted gradual increase in Indigenous participation in the political process.

Australian rules representations of groups in

Such an approach may be a practical one in view of forbidding constitutional constraints, [20] but to date has not led to sustained change. This leaves us with the question of whether we should be optimistic about Indigenous representation in the states and territories or concerned about its absence in the federal parliament.

Unlike Australia, New Zealand has had dedicated parliamentary seats for Indigenous representatives since the s. New Zealand achieved parity between the proportion of Maori in its population and the proportion of Maori representatives in parliament following the national elections.

At a time when Maori greatly outnumbered non-Maori, dedicated seats allowed the political power of Maori to be constrained, limiting their vote to the Maori electoral roll and the four Maori seats alone. The first vote under MMP occurred inand since then it has played a significant part in increasing Maori parliamentary representation.

In list seats, political parties establish a ranking of candidates, and acquire a number of seats as a ratio of the proportion of the total vote attracted by the party.

There are, however, safeguards against electors swapping between rolls for the purpose of producing a particular short-term outcome. Electors can only change their enrolment during nominated periods, and this discourages such behaviour, since voters stay on their nominated roll for some time afterwards.

If that were necessary, it could cause considerable anxiety, as it has in Australia when other approaches have been contemplated. Inin a parliament of 99 seats, there were seven Maori MPs 7. They suggest that a higher rate of Maori representation in parliament than in the general population warrants the abolition of the Maori seats.

That is, they are seen as a formal expression and guarantee of the continuing viability of the Treaty and the relationship it describes between Maori and pakeha. In the past there was, for the most part, simply an absence of Indigenous representation across the board.

Australian rules representations of groups in

However, particularly over the last decade, there have been a series of reports and discussions that have envisaged higher levels of Indigenous engagement and representation within the mainstream parliamentary process.

This report has been a significant point of reference for, and is representative of, many of the positions presented in subsequent debate. In general, it avoids proposing dedicated seats. It sees parliamentary representation for Indigenous people as increasing through an evolutionary process, rather than deliberate, structural change, with the exception that it recommends the creation of a separate Aboriginal Assembly.The social rules of the round or shout are perhaps the most important of all social rules that need to be mastered.

A round is where one individual will pay for the drinks of the other members of . One such Australian is Peter Cosgrove, the Australian Governor General. According to Cosgrove, According to Cosgrove, "Without doubt the best quality we observe across the entire Australian community is a natural willingness to pitch in and have a go, to help others.

Gary helps his local Australian rules football team win the championship by accident, falls in love with a beautiful Aboriginal girl from the Mission, and becomes tangled in a terrible confl ict with the people of his small, coastal town.

Chapter 4: The role and influence of the media This chapter provides a review of the role of the media in constructing and reinforcing stereotypes and discriminatory attitudes toward older Australians.

Toyota AFL Moments, NRMA Broncos, Rugby Butterflies, Nike Keep the Ball Alive, I Am Australian, VB Boony and Beefy, Powerade Socceroos, Qantas Football Taking Off. 5. Work environments. Nine MSN Turn Your Back AAPT Tell It Like It Is, Heinz Absolute Cockroach, Carlton Draught Canoe, Australia Post Days of the Week, Yellow Pages Not Happy Jan.

6. The junior Australian football landscape has been frequently linked to reports of undesirable parental behaviour, yet sufficient understanding around this potential socio-cultural issue remains.

The Rules of Being Australian • Senses of Cinema