They expect everything to be handed down to them as if they are entitled to it. Older generations picture us sitting on a couch with our feet up in the air, starring like a zombie into our screens on our phones, while taking selfies every five minutes, demanding our boss to give us a raise. She assumes we are self-absorbed, conceded, and only care about fame and do not care about changing the way people see us.
Footnotes Introduction "The total amount of suffering per year in the natural world is beyond all decent contemplation. During the minute it takes me to compose this sentence, thousands of animals are being eaten alive; others are running for their lives, whimpering with fear; others are being slowly devoured from within by rasping parasites; thousands of all kinds are dying of starvation, thirst and disease.
Disease, starvation, predation, ostracism, and sexual frustration are endemic in so-called healthy ecosystems.
The great taboo in the animal rights movement is that most suffering is due to natural causes. It lies behind the bad science in nature-documentary voiceovers: No one, either religious or irreligious, believes that the hurtful agencies of nature, considered as a whole, promote good purposes, in any other way than by inciting human rational creatures to rise up and struggle against them.
Rarely discussed is the topic of animal suffering in the wild, even in the academic literature, though there have been notable exceptions. Intense suffering is a regular feature of life in the wild that demands, perhaps not quick-fix intervention, but at least long-term research into the welfare of wild animals and technologies that might one day allow humans to improve it.
I conclude by encouraging animal advocates to focus their efforts to promote concern about wild-animal suffering among other activists, academics, and others who would be sympathetic -- both to encourage research on the issue and to ensure that our descendants use their advanced technologies in ways that alleviate wild-animal suffering rather than inadvertently multiply it.
Numbers of Wild Animals The scale of animal suffering at human hands is vast, and animal advocates are right to be appalled by its magnitude. However, the numbers of animals that live in the wild are staggeringly larger. And while "Nature, red in tooth and claw" is widely known as a platitude, its visceral meaning can often be overlooked.
I regularly speak with people who have zero children, or one child, or two children. And they tell me they might consider or would like to have three children. I regularly speak with people who have zero children, or one child, or two children. And they tell me they might consider or would like to have three children. A Socratic perspective on the relationship between ignorance, human evil, and the examined life.
Below I review some details of wild-animal suffering, perhaps in a manner similar to the way in which animal advocates decry acts of cruelty by humans. Predation When people imagine suffering in nature, perhaps the first image that comes to mind is that of a lioness hunting her prey.
Christopher McGowan, for instance, vividly describes the death of a zebra: They rip through the tough hide and anchor deep into the muscle.
The startled animal lets out a loud bellow as its body hits the ground. Her canine teeth are long and sharp, but an animal as large as a zebra has a massive neck, with a thick layer of muscle beneath the skin, so although the teeth puncture the hide they are too short to reach any major blood vessels.
She must therefore kill the zebra by asphyxiation, clamping her powerful jaws around its trachea windpipecutting off the air to its lungs. It is a slow death. From there, it uses its muscles to simultaneously crush the food and push it deeper into the digestive tract, where it is broken down for nutrients.
Moreover, insofar as endorphins do sometimes reduce the painfulness of death, the same argument should apply for brutal slaughter of farm animals by humans, yet most animal-welfare scientists consider bad slaughter methods to be extremely painful.
Fear of predators produces not only immediate distress, but it may also cause long-term psychological trauma. In one study of anxiolytics, researchers exposed mice to a cat for five minutes and observed subsequent reactions.
They found "that this animal model of exposure of mice to unavoidable predatory stimuli produces early cognitive changes analogous to those seen in patients with acute stress disorder ASD.
These findings indicate that memory impairments may persist for extended periods beyond a predatory stress. Zoladz exposed rats to unavoidable predators and other anxiety-causing conditions to "produce changes in rat physiology and behavior that are comparable to the symptoms observed in PTSD patients.
Animal models that are characterised by long-lasting conditioned fear responses as well as generalised behavioural sensitisation to novel stimuli following short-lasting but intense stress have a phenomenology that resembles that of PTSD in humans.
Of course, we see empirically that evolution does induce such disorders when traumatic incidents happen, like exposure to a predator. Death can be as good as painless for a few lucky animals or as bad as torture for many others. Evolution has no reason to prevent death from feeling unbearably awful.
Animals are also stricken by diseases and parasites, which may induce listlessness, shivering, ulcers, pneumonia, starvation, violent behavior, or other gruesome symptoms over the course of days or weeks leading up to death.
Avian salmonellosis is just one example: Signs range from sudden death to gradual onset of depression over 1 to 3 days, accompanied by huddling of the birds, fluffed-up feathers, unsteadiness, shivering, loss of appetite, markedly increased or absence of thirst, rapid loss of weight, accelerated respiration and watery yellow, green or blood-tinged droppings.
The vent feathers become matted with excreta, the eyes begin to close and, immediately before death, some birds show apparent blindness, incoordination, staggering, tremors, convulsions or other nervous signs. For instance, was a harsh year on bats in Placerville, California: Even ice storms can be fatal: Grouse buried in snow drifts are often encased by the ice layer and suffocate.Keep up-to-date with the latest advice from the College Essay Guy on writing your essays and college admissions.
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OpEd Ventura: Don't let another child be lost to heroin Heroin morphs into. James William Durbin (born January 6, ) is an American singer and guitarist from Santa Cruz, California, who finished in fourth place on the tenth season of American Idol.
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