Share A map depicting north Indochina, in red, and south Indochina, in green.
French Indochina The creation of different French and proximate British colonial entities in Indochina, with dates shown French colonization and occupation of the region was a consequence of missionary work of the 16th century, which had resulted in Catholics Indochina war a converted minority.
They forbade Catholic proselytism, as it was usually the religious arm of colonization  and they resisted European and American attempts to establish colonial trade posts, which France tried to impose against the laws of the country.
This was seen by colonial powers as "provocative". Confucian isolationist policy led the Vietnamese to refuse industrial modernizationso that they were not able to resist military power of a French invasion. Bythe French had complete control over the country, which now formed the largest part of French Indochina.
It took the Vietnamese people almost a century to expel the last colonial influence in their country.
A founding member of the French Communist PartyHo Chi Indochina war had de-emphasised his communist ties and dissolved the Indochinese Communist Party, in order to unite the country. When the Vietnamese famine broke out in causing 2 million deaths, after French and Japanese colonial administration continued to export food to France in a post war economy, the Viet Minh arranged a massive relief effort, consolidating popular support for their nationalist cause.
InVietnam had its first constitution. InFrance tried to regain its colonial control over Vietnam. First Indochina War[ edit ] Main article: This war of independence lasted from December until Julywith most of the fighting taking place in areas surrounding Hanoi.
Second Indochina War[ edit ] Main articles: As a result, the areas of these nations bordering Vietnam would see heavy combat during the war. For the United States, the political and combat goals were ambiguous: Although the Tet offensive resulted in a military victory for South Vietnam and the United States, with virtually complete destruction of the NLF forces combat capability, it was, by the intensity of the combats, the contradiction it implied with recent reports of withdrawals of US troops and status of the war,  also a turning point in American voter opposition to U.
The United States began withdrawing troops from Vietnam inwith the last troops returning in January, The Paris Peace Accords called for a cease-fireand prohibited the North Vietnamese from sending more troops into South Vietnam - although the North Vietnamese were permitted to continue to occupy those regions of South Vietnam they had conquered in the Easter Offensive.
The North Vietnamese never intended to abide by the agreement. Fighting continued sporadically through andwhile the North Vietnamese planned a major offensive, tentatively scheduled for The North Vietnamese Army in South Vietnam had been ravaged during the Easter offensive inand it was projected that it would take until to rebuild their logistical capabilities.
Although it remained an effective fighting force throughout andby January it had disintegrated. The North Vietnamese hurriedly attacked the much weakened South, and was met with little resistance.
The fighting that took place between North and South Vietnam following United States withdrawal is sometimes called the Third Indochina War; this term usually refers to a later conflict, however see below. Third Indochina War[ edit ] Main articles: Vietnamese forces quickly counter-attacked, regaining their territory and invading the Kampuchean island of Koh Wai.
The First Indochina War was virtually a stalemate between the French and the Viet Minh from – ; then towards the end in , the Viet Minh gained significant advances in driving out the French. The Indochina War refers to the Fallout universe's analogue to the Vietnam War. The French colony of Indochina achieved independence in the early s, but soon found itself entangled in a bloody civil war, with the western-allied southern state battling the Chinese -allied north. The Indochina Wars were a series of conflicts in Southeast Asia from to The major conflicts with global impact were the First Indochina War from to in which an independence movement supported by China defeated French colonial forces, and the Vietnam War in
In AugustVietnam returned island of Koh Wai to Kampuchea and both governments started making peaceful noises, but behind the scenes tensions were mounting. On 30 AprilKampuchea started attacking Vietnamese villages.The First Indochina War (December to August ) saw the Viet Minh and French colonial forces battle for control of Vietnam.
In the West this conflict is called the First Indochina War; in Vietnam it is referred to as the Anti-French War. The ensuing war, between the French-controlled South and the independent Communist-allied North, is known as the First Indochina War.
It ended in a resounding defeat of the French Colonial Troops (Troupes coloniales) by the People's Army of Vietnam at Dien Bien Phu.
The First Indochina War (called the Indochina War in France and French War in Vietnam) began after World War II ended and lasted until the French defeat in After a long campaign of resistance Viet Minh forces had claimed a victory after Japanese and Vichy French forces surrendered in the North at the end of World War II.
The First Indochina War was virtually a stalemate between the French and the Viet Minh from – ; then towards the end in , the Viet Minh gained significant advances in driving out the French.
The Indochina War refers to the Fallout universe's analogue to the Vietnam War. The French colony of Indochina achieved independence in the early s, but soon found itself entangled in a bloody civil war, with the western-allied southern state battling the Chinese -allied north.
Indochina wars, 20th-century conflicts in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, with the principal involvement of France (–54) and later the United States (beginning in the s).
The wars are often called the French Indochina War and the Vietnam War (q.v.), or the First and Second Indochina wars.