Significantly reduces use of fossil fuels farm machines and transport of crops Makes use of abandoned or unused properties No weather related crop failures Offers the possibility of sustainability for urban centers Converts black and gray water to drinking water Adds energy back to the grid via methane generation Creates new urban employment opportunities Reduces the risk of infection from agents transmitted at the agricultural interface Returns farmland to nature, helping to restore ecosystem functions and services Controls vermin by using restaurant waste for methane generation No-cost restoration of ecosystems: The best reason to consider converting most food production to vertical farming is the promise of restoring ecosystem services and functions This belief stems, in part, from numerous anecdotal observations as to the current biological state of some territories that were once severely damaged either by now-extinct civilizations or over-farming, and, in part, from data derived from National Science Foundation-sponsored long-term ecological research program LTERbegun inon a wide variety of fragmented ecosystems purposely set aside subsequent to an extended period of encroachment The following case studies will serve to illustrate these points.
May When people care enough about something to do it well, those who do it best tend to be far better than everyone else. You see the same gap between Raymond Chandler and the average writer of detective novels.
A top-ranked professional chess player could play ten thousand games against an ordinary club player without losing once. Like chess or painting or writing novels, making money is a very specialized skill. But for some reason we treat this skill differently.
No one complains when a few people surpass all the rest at playing chess or writing novels, but when a few people make more money than the rest, we get editorials saying this is wrong.
The pattern of variation seems no different than for any other skill. What causes people to react so strongly when the skill is making money? I think there are three reasons we treat making money as different: As far as I can tell, the first is mistaken, the second outdated, and the third empirically false.
Could it be that, in a modern democracy, variation in income is actually a sign of health?
It seems to be something that flows from parents. Because of the circumstances in which they encounter it, children tend to misunderstand wealth. They confuse it with money. They think that there is a fixed amount of it. In fact, wealth is not money. Money is just a convenient way of trading one form of wealth for another.
Wealth is the underlying stuff—the goods and services we buy. You can see wealth—in buildings and streets, in the clothes and the health of the people. Where does wealth come from?
This was easier to grasp when most people lived on farms, and made many of the things they wanted with their own hands. Then you could see in the house, the herds, and the granary the wealth that each family created. It was obvious then too that the wealth of the world was not a fixed quantity that had to be shared out, like slices of a pie.
If you wanted more wealth, you could make it.
This is just as true today, though few of us create wealth directly for ourselves except for a few vestigial domestic tasks. Mostly we create wealth for other people in exchange for money, which we then trade for the forms of wealth we want.
The kids see to that. If you want something, you either have to make it, or do something of equivalent value for someone else, in order to get them to give you enough money to buy it.
You get paid by doing or making something people want, and those who make more money are often simply better at doing what people want. Top actors make a lot more money than B-list actors.
The B-list actors might be almost as charismatic, but when people go to the theater and look at the list of movies playing, they want that extra oomph that the big stars have. Doing what people want is not the only way to get money, of course.
You could also rob banks, or solicit bribes, or establish a monopoly. Such tricks account for some variation in wealth, and indeed for some of the biggest individual fortunes, but they are not the root cause of variation in income.
In the United States, the CEO of a large public company makes about times as much as the average person. Editorials quote this kind of statistic with horror. But I have no trouble imagining that one person could be times as productive as another.
In ancient Rome the price of slaves varied by a factor of 50 depending on their skills. Depends on what you mean by worth. If you mean worth in the sense of what people will pay for their skills, the answer is yes, apparently. But are there not others whose incomes really do reflect the wealth they generate?
Steve Jobs saved a company that was in a terminal decline. Few others could have done it. It may seem unlikely in principle that one individual could really generate so much more wealth than another.
The key to this mystery is to revisit that question, are they really worth of us?Descriptive Essay Example - My Neighborhood. Poverty in an Affluent Neighborhood Essay - Nestled in Pittsburgh’s East End, the neighborhood of Shadyside has a median home value of $, while almost 20% of the neighborhood’s residents live in poverty (U.S.
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2 These Census Bureau race and age figures are drawn from what most residents perceive to be the main section of Bywater, from St. Claude Avenue to the Mississippi River, and from Press Street to the Industrial Canal.
Other definitions of neighborhood boundaries exist, and needless to say, each would yield differing statistics. Apr 12, · Most students doing PTE Academic gets stressed about PTE Essay Topics..
Worrying about getting an unfamiliar topic and not having any good ideas to write about the subject, is making students stressed and nervous.
Gentrification is the result of powerful economic forces. To fight gentrification, start at the source: entitled neighborhoods. An unforgettable descriptive essay should contain evocative details to paint a lasting image in readers' minds.
If you’ve been assigned to write a descriptive essay on a neighborhood, you will need basic writing skills and knowledge of essay writing to make the piece flow naturally.