The french wars of religion

Edit Massacre de Vassy inprint by Hogenberg end of 16th century.

The french wars of religion

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Third French War of Religion Citation: The History Learning Site, 27 May The French Wars of Religion were a series of nine wars between and They saw the rise and fall of Catherine de Medici and ended with the accession to the throne of Henry IV.

Why did she do this? The removal of the main leaders of this was should have enabled a peace settlement to have been reached. This allowed Huguenot nobles to worship freely but limited commoner worship to one town in each judicial district — though this did not include Paris.

It would have appeared that the conflict was over as the main protagonists were gone or at least removed from power and the two sides had come together to fight the English. But in the summer ofCatherine met with her daughter Elizabeth of Spain.

She also met and discussed issues with the Spanish Duke of Alva who was in the Spanish Netherlands putting down the rebelling Protestants there — with a degree of ferocity. He was also a devout Catholic. Rather than wait to be attacked, the Huguenots prepared for war which broke out in September The Second War September to March This began with a botched attempt by the Huguenots to capture the king in the so-called Conspiracy of Meaux.

This was followed with a general uprising by the Huguenots. Spain did aid the Catholics and the son of the Elector of the Palatinate a Protestant aided the Huguenots. Montmorency was killed at this battle.

The Treaty of Longjumeau in Marchreinstated what was introduced with the Pacification of Amboise, but there was no trust between the two sides and fighting soon broke out again. In October, the Huguenots suffered another heavy defeat. They only survived as a group by the leadership of Coligny and he became the sole leader of them.

Under his leadership, they re-established their strength in the south, and the government, in recognition of their growing strength and their own exhaustion, agreed to the Treaty of St Germain in During this rest in fighting, the Guises left court and were replaced by the Huguenots lead by Coligny.

The Guise family were still the most senior Catholic noble family in France and they became more desperate as it became obvious that Coligny was gaining more and more of a hold over the king.

Regardless of the relationship between Charles and Coligny, the situation for the Catholics in France looked bad. Louis of Nassau the brother of William of Orange was militarily successful in the Spanish Netherlands against catholic Spain.

Coligny was openly talking about France giving aid to the Protestants in the Netherlands and the Politique movement in France was gaining ground.

An attempt was made to murder Coligny but it failed. Catherine, having lost her influence over her son to Coligny, persuaded Charles that there was a plan to murder him and that they had to strike first or be murdered. Charles listened to his mother and what was meant to have been the selected killing of the Huguenot leaders, turned into a full scale massacre.


The Guise family ensured that Coligny was successfully murdered and his death seems to have sparked off a spontaneous attack on the Huguenots in general and between August 23rd and 24thabout 3, were murdered in Paris alone.The French Wars of Religion (–98) is the name of a period of civil infighting and military operations, primarily fought between French Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots).

The conflict involved the factional disputes between the aristocratic houses of France, such as the House of Bourbon and House of Guise (Lorraine), and both sides received assistance from foreign sources. This statement epitomises the peace and relative prosperity which Henry brought to France after decades of religious war, and demonstrates how well he understood the plight of the French .

French and Indian War Essay The French and Indian War (or the Seven Years War), one of the bloodiest wars in the 18th century, took place from to This war was the product of an imperial struggle between France and England over colonial land, wealth, and some say to even prove dominance within their rivalry.

Video: The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots The Protestant Reformation was so popular and controversial in Europe that it sometimes led to war.

The eight wars of religion () Home > The 16th century > The eight wars of religion () In the 16 th Century, France was to know a religious split: the great majority of the country remained faithful to Catholicism, whilst an important majority joined the Reformation.

Wars of Religion, (–98) conflicts in France between Protestants and Roman Catholics. The spread of French Calvinism persuaded the French ruler Catherine de Médicis to show more tolerance for the Huguenots, which angered the powerful Roman Catholic Guise family.

Its partisans massacred a Huguenot congregation at Vassy (), causing an uprising in the provinces.

The french wars of religion
Henry IV of France - Wikipedia